Science and Technology provides opportunities for students to engage in scientific investigations by making accurate observations, handling tools, recording and comparing data, and formulating explanations using their own scientific experiences and those of others. Students gain experience in testing their own assumptions and thinking critically about the perspectives of others in order to further develop their own ideas.

Science and Technology can be used to provide explanations and models of behaviour for phenomena and objects around us. It can also be used to investigate the inter-relationships between the natural, physical and material worlds. The PYP considers the Science and Technology curriculum to be driven by skills and concepts rather than content.

The Role of Science in the Programme of Inquiry

It is recognized that teaching and learning Science as a subject, while necessary, is not sufficient. Of equal importance is learning science in context, exploring content relevant to students, and transcending the boundaries of the traditional subject area. The trans-disciplinary themes provide the framework for a highly defined, focused, in-depth Programme of Inquiry. The science knowledge and the application of that knowledge enhance inquiries into the central ideas defined by the trans-disciplinary themes. There are also occasions that present themselves for student-initiated, spontaneous science inquiries that are not directly related to any planned Units of Inquiry.

Science strands

Living things

The study of the characteristics, systems and behaviours of humans and other animals, and of plants; the interactions and relationships between and among them, and with their environment.

Earth and space

The study of planet Earth and its position in the universe, particularly its relationship with the sun; the natural phenomena and systems that shape the planet and the distinctive features that identify it; the infinite and finite resources of the planet.

Materials and matter

The study of the properties, behaviours and uses of materials, both natural and human-made; the origins of human-made materials and how they are manipulated to suit a purpose.

Forces and energy

The study of energy, its origins, storage and transfer, and the work it can do; the study of forces; the application of scientific understanding through inventions and machines.